Unsuitable diet, hormonal disorders, baldness, scalp diseases, taking certain medications or stress - all these aspects may be the cause of excessive hair loss. How can we protect one of our best business cards?
Hair loss is a common reason for consulting a dermatologist. Although some consider this problem to be benign, daily hair loss can cause psychological stress for patients and negatively impact their quality of life. Patients face many misconceptions about hair loss every day. It is helpful to verify misconceptions about hair loss, learn what damages hair, separate facts from myths, and learn good habits to help manage daily hair loss.
How to deal with excessive hair loss?
The average lifespan of a hair is up to 6 years, so hair loss is a natural physiological process. The problem arises when hair starts to fall out at an alarming speed and we start losing more than 100 of them every day and no new ones appear in their place. What can we do to stop this process?
A growing problem among women
Until recently, hair loss was associated with a male condition. However, hair loss concerns also women to a large extent. This is due to, among other things, hormonal disorders, the decrease in estrogen levels after childbirth or as a result of menopause or frequent colouring, drying or straightening of the hair. An inadequate diet, low in protein, iron or vitamin B, and excessive stress also play a role.
Our hair is prone to hair loss especially in summer. Exposure to UV rays, bathing in salty/chlorinated water, drying out of the hair under the influence of the sun - all these factors contribute to hair loss. That is why it is so important to cover the hair properly before sun exposure and to wash it thoroughly after returning from the beach or swimming pool.
In addition to prevention and home remedies for hair strengthening, treatments in the field of aesthetic medicine also help to protect the hair properly, providing special support in situations, where traditional methods are no longer able to help. One of the most effective methods of dealing with this condition is needle mesotherapy.
Needle mesotherapy treatment is especially recommended for people struggling with androgenic alopecia. The therapy is also effectively used in women, in whom hair loss is a consequence of changes in hormone levels after pregnancy.
Many people consider healthy and well-groomed hair to be one of the greatest beauty assets of both female and male beauty. Unfortunately, not everyone can boast of naturally thick hair, and some have to deal with excessive hair loss. What are the causes of hair loss? When is standard hair loss the norm and when is excessive hair loss? What types of hair loss can be distinguished and with what methods can they be treated? Why is professional consultation and therapy important in the context of excessive hair loss?
What are the causes of hair loss?
Diagnosing the cause of hair loss is the basis for implementing effective therapy, which should bring the desired results. Unfortunately, the cause of hair loss is often difficult to determine, primarily due to a multitude of factors that may cause hair loss. Additionally, there are hundreds of medical conditions manifesting themselves as hair loss. However, the most commonly mentioned are four groups of factors on which different types of baldness may depend. These include:
- environmental factors - stress, pollution, poor diet;
- Genetic factors - inborn predispositions to hair loss;
- diseases - both temporary vitamin deficiencies as well as severe forms of cancer, thyroid diseases, hormonal changes;
- improper care - lack of care for the scalp, invasive styling procedures, improperly selected cosmetics for both hair and scalp.
The causes of hair loss, which are particularly difficult to combat without professional medical consultation, are primarily health disorders. To some extent, they are also related to environmental factors, and these include:
- iron deficiency, or rather ferritin, which is an iron-binding protein;
- Vitamin D and/or folic acid deficiency;
- hormonal disorders caused by hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism;
- autoimmune diseases (Hashimoto's disease, Graves' disease);
- infectious diseases - acute and chronic;
- skin diseases - psoriasis, AD, rashes;
- chronic diseases, e.g. systemic lupus, tumors;
- taking certain medications: beta-blockers, anticoagulants, antiepileptics, retinoids.
Hair loss resulting from environmental factors, diseases or improper care is characterized by the possibility of using an effective therapy, which restores the proper functioning of hair follicles, inhibits hair loss and consequently restores its natural density. In the case of diagnosing genetic factors as the cause of hair loss, it often turns out that the resulting changes unfortunately cannot be reversed.
When does hair loss occur and what are its types?
Hair loss is a natural physiological phenomenon and usually not cause for concern. Every day a person loses 100 to 150 hairs, therefore their presence on a brush or on clothes is completely normal. So when do we speak about alopecia, i.e. excessive hair loss? Trichologists assume that this is the case when we lose more than 200 hairs every day. Of course, it's hard to tell the difference between 150 and 200 hairs on a brush or comb with the naked eye, but it's the clearly deteriorating condition of the hair, the lack of shine, the unhealthy-looking scalp or the appearance of thinning that should cause concern. This could mean that for some reason (mentioned earlier), most of the hair on your head remains in a prolonged telogen phase.
Basically, there are more than 20 different types of hair loss. It may be alopecia areata, alopecia nodosa, scarring, postpartum, diffuse or neurotic. Some of these can occur simultaneously. However, among the most common types of baldness are:
- telogen alopecia;
- androgenetic alopecia.
In the case of telogenic alopecia, it is necessary to mention three phases of the hair life cycle:
- the first is the anagen phase (growth phase) - lasts from 2 to about 6 years and in healthy young people up to 90% of hair should be in this phase;
- the second phase is catagen (transition phase) - lasts about 2 weeks, during which the hair shaft shrinks, its growth is stopped and the hair prepares to fall out;
- the third is the telogen phase (resting phase) - it lasts from 2 to about 6 months and in a healthy person, there should be about 10% of the hair on the head in this phase. This is the stage when hair becomes weaker and consequently falls out, and new follicles and new hair are formed in the hair follicles.